Nearly all forms of enterprise software, factory automation with Industry 4.0, transport and other industries are using AI-based interfaces in their daily operation.
One must acquire mathematical and programming skills to be a part of this changing job scenario with a huge demand supply gap.
There are at least two clear trends that show a demand-supply mismatch between tech jobs and cutting-edge IT fields such as Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning.
One is via industry predictions that estimate growth in the AI market from USD 21.46 billion to USD 190.61 billion between 2018 and 2025. Year on year growth is projected to be an impressive 36.62% during the same period.
The second trend is more subtle. Reputed Indian IT firms in the US are reportedly ‘hoarding’ employees in these two fields as they foresee a shortage of skilled experts. They also fear a corresponding rise in the cost of hiring employees for tech contracts they have bagged for the future.
How are AI & Machine Learning being used in Industry?
Unlike the exaggerated robots of the 2001 Steven Spielberg movie of the same name, Artificial Intelligence (AI) in reality is tamer. AI is understood to mean ways of making computers, computer-controlled robots or program act intelligently, mimicking the way humans think.
A computer program with AI can solve generic problems it is programmed for, but cannot really work on specific issues. They can accommodate new modifications to input without breaking structure. Traditional programmers would have to sort, sift and debug thousands of lines of code to make modifications.
AI finds applications in strategy games such as chess or poker where advance moves are determined by heuristic logic, natural language processing, virtual assistant technology, image and speech recognition & automated robotics.
General AI systems which can solve any given problem are rare. Insurance and banking organizations regularly use AI to monitor fraud. Marketers use AI every time you shop online to gather your browsing habits and predict what you are most likely to buy. They will then advertise those products through pop-ups and logos. Self-driving cars, auto-pilot modes and smart homes using sensors all based on AI, which will change the daily lives of consumers.
There is also a difference between AI and Machine Learning (ML) although a number of articles on the web club them together or use them interchangeably. “ML is the study of computer algorithms that improve automatically through experience” according to Tom Mitchell of Carnegie Mellon University. It is simply one of the ways used to achieve AI or something closer.
How can you acquire AI and ML Skills
By some estimates, AI will create nearly 2.3 million jobs in the coming years. It might also make 1.7 million jobs obsolete but those would need to be replaced by 0.5 million new jobs.
Nearly all forms of enterprise software, factory automation, transport and other industries are increasingly using AI-based interfaces in their daily operation. In fact, by 2030, AI may end up offering USD 15.7 trillion to the global economy.
Mathematical and programming skills are central to acquiring competency in this field.
However, for seasoned tech professionals, it is also quite important to develop excellent communication skills. An understanding of how business works and the common processes used in day-to-day operations will help you better utilize your core competencies to improve organizational workflows.
Core competencies required in AI and ML
For complete beginners, programming using C++, go, python, is a mandatory requirement. Also necessary is an understanding of how algorithms are created and executed.
Typically, knowledge and expertise in Bayesian networks, neural networks, cognitive science theory, engineering, physics, robotics, undergraduate algebra, calculus, statistics and probability are very essential to hone your talents in ML.
Graduates in Computer Science need only supplement their knowledge of math and computing with a specialized course in AI & ML.
Using right opportunities
Analysis of professional networking site Linkedin.com has shown that India is the third best-placed economy after the US and China to crack AI jobs and careers with high penetration of AI awareness.
Constant changes in this dynamic field have made it mandatory for professionals to keep upskilling via a noted institution to remain relevant and job-worthy.
At eAge, we thrive to offer programs that have modern c++, python, go, AI, machine learning, IoT, Data science and many more emerging technologies. We provide a one stop solution in training, staffing, and consulting across all these technologies.